Everybody deeply appreciate the great treasure that is Colombian musical instruments, such as Colombian tiple, made in coral wood, with clear lines and awesome authentic color, with twelve metal strings arranged in four courses. Any professional or student guitarist will find it easy to use in Colombian folk music, and in many Latin American songs. Musicians can use it in Latin American folk jazz music, but also in original songs as well. Tiple’s ethereal and clear sound is also used in classic guitar music creations.
Colombian Cuatro is concert grade guitar; it is made of slices and blocks from curly maple. It has a violin shape and has a great pitch accuracy and finish. The seis’ is a hybrid of the cuatro and a supplementary sixth course tunes a fourth below the usual fifth bottom course. It is also a very popular Colombian musical instrument. This feature allows an expanded bass range. It can be used also for guitar intervals as well, and it makes a awesome music, It sounds as a guitar, but sweeter, faster and louder.
Original Colombian music instruments
Spanish and African traditions are strongly represented in Colombian music. Traditional quena, a king of flute, and Spanish guitar are very popular. Colombian bandolina has fifteen strings and its sound is beautiful, sweet and clear. It is usually made by hand, of unexcelled quality. The marimba is another Colombian musical instrument; it looks like a xylophone and its keys are made in wood. The arpa is a local version of the harp, the guassa is a rattle. The songs from the Pacific coast are using drums and are tinged with Spanish influence. Due to the Spanish influence, piano music is also very popular in Colombia. The newest music style in Colombia is valenato, based on the European accordion.
Many Colombian musical instruments are beautifully crafted, from the ancient times until our century. The charango, a kind of guitar made in wood, the vessel whistle, the erkencho, a kind of clarinet, the chirimia, an oboe, are carefully made and original Colombian folk music sounds great with them. There are six ethnic zones in Colombia; the music is a hybrid between Indian roots and Spanish traditions. In some regions, there is also a strong Negro influence. Guitars, flutes and drums are always necessary; in the Caribbean zone the most important Colombian musical instrument is gaita, a kind of oboe. In Colombia, music is a tradition. There is a habit to pass folk songs from one generation to the other.
A few years ago a team of researchers from Brown University made headlines after they successfully demonstrated how a paralyzed woman who had lost the use of her arms and legs could control a robotic arm using her brainwaves. In a video, Cathy Hutchinson imagines drinking a cup of coffee, and the robotic arm brings the cup to her lips.
The scene is amazing, but also a little disturbing. Hutchinson is connected to the robotic arm through a rod-like “pedestal” driven into her skull. At one end of the pedestal, a bundle of gold wires is attached to a tiny array of microelectrodes that is implanted in the primary motor cortex of Hutchison’s brain. This sensor, which is about the size of a baby aspirin, records her neural activity. At the other end of the pedestal is an external cable that transmits neural data to a nearby computer, which translates the signals into code that guides the robotic arm.
This method, known as BrainGate, pretty much defined state-of-the-art brain-computer interfaces at the end of the last decade. If the idea of a rod-through-the-head computer interface makes you cringe, you are not alone.
For some time, a small team of researchers at UC Berkeley has been working on plans for a less invasive, wireless monitoring system. Earlier this month, they released a draft paper: “Neural Dust: An Ultrasonic, Low Power Solution for Chronic Brain-Machine Interfaces.”
Dongjin Seo, a graduate student in UC Berkeley’s electrical engineering and computer science department, authored the paper under the supervision of senior faculty members, including Michel Maharbiz who has famously created cyborg beetles for the US Defense Department.
Seo said the researchers’ goal is to build an implantable system that is ultra-miniature, extremely compliant, and scalable to be viable for a lifetime, for brain-machine interfaces. “With neural dust, due to its extreme scalability, this framework can be applied for Obama’s BRAIN initiative, which necessitates large-scale, parallel, and real-time monitoring of neurons,” Seo explained.
The Berkeley researchers propose to sprinkle the brain with tiny, dust-sized, wireless sensors. This would reduce the risk of infection from wiring up scores of sensors placed throughout the brain and limit the trauma to one initial operation. During that operation, the skull would be opened, and sensors would be inserted into the brain. At the same time a separate transceiver would be placed directly under the skull but above the brain. The transceiver would communicate with the sensors via ultrasound.
Another battery-powered transceiver outside the skull would receive data transmissions from the chip inside the skull and supply wireless power to it. As the paper notes, this type of power transfer is already used in a variety of medical applications, including cochlear implants. Seo said the amount of power being proposed is within FDA and IEEE guidelines.
The idea of neural dust immediately sparked the imagination of futurists after the paper was published on arXiv.org on July 8. “The brilliance of this system is that it could potentially allow scientists to see what’s going on with thousands, tens of thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of neurons inside the brain at once,” wrote Ramez Naam, a senior associate at the Foresight Institute and author of “More Than Human: Embracing the promise of biological enhancement.”
But would neural dust have practical use for the growing industry of mind-controlled computer games and brain training apps? Jon Cowan, founder
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JAKARTA – Linksys announced the latest WiFi router modem from the line of X-Series, X3500. Comes with Dual-band support that work simultaneously, the device is claimed to be able to deliver speeds up to 450Mbps +300 Mbps internet.
“Dual-band functioned to reduce clashes WiFi signal, the modem can also be connected to a line, ASDL or cable / fiber optic” said Sales Manager Kevin Kurniawan Networking Linksys to Techno Okezone, Wednesday (07/17/2013).
Problem design, Linksys brings a modern look. WiFi modem router is also optimized by setting and managing quite easy. Users simply connect a variety of devices, smartphones, tablets, consoles, and SmartTV simply by pressing the WPS button on both devices would be connected and mobile apps Linksys.
“Technological developments prompted some devices that can connect to the internet. At home, many people want to create their own WiFi network to improve the comfort of surfing, “said Kevin.
“Linksys router can connect a variety of devices to help consumers more easily and provide a better solution to do video streaming,” he continued.
Meanwhile, the X3500 has several key features, namely Dual-band, can be connected to ADSL and cable, dock four Gigabit LAN, USB virtual storage to shared storage media or print documents wirelessly, DLNA support, parental control, and is compatible with IPv6.
“It can also be used as a mini server at home, just plug in an external hard drive on the modem, then all can access the storage media, either to access multimedia content and documents,” he said.
America’s morning was good indeed as Miley Cyrus treated her fans with a liver performance as Hannah Montana on Good Morning America. Hannah Montana is the popular teen rock star leading a double life on the hit Disney Channel original series of the same name. This was one leg of her Summer Concert Series in which the fourteen year old Cyrus performed for the New York crowd at Bryant Park for free. She not only brought smiles to her fans’ faces because of her performance but also because of her announcement of her upcoming 54-city tour this Fall.
Cyrus’ tour will be kicking off on October 18 in St. Louis, and will be featuring songs from her album which was released today. The new album is comprised of two discs–the first CD being Hannah Montana’s second collection of songs while the second CD being Miley Cyrus’ debut album as herself. The first Hannah Montana CD, which was released in October 2006, debuted at number one on the Billboard Top 200 chart, making it the first soundtrack to do that, and has now reached triple platinum in sales.
Country singer Billy Ray Cyrus, her father, was responsible for making “Miley” her nickname. He gave her that nickname, which was short for “smiley”, when she was a child because she was always smiling. Miley’s real name is Destiny Hope Cyrus. She continues to flash that smile in Hannah Montana, where Billy Ray plays her father. Last Sunday, the show’s double-episode featured the return of Jake Ryan (played by Cody Linley), Hannah’s boyfriend, from his four month stint in Romania, where he was filming a movie. Before he left, his scenes with Miley were filled with kisses, and so are scenes of his return. They also revealed secrets to each other, such as that Jake’s real first name is Leslie and that Miley is really Hannah Montana. Jake was able to handle her secret well, and as soon as he got used to it, they continued dating. However, being in the spotlight made Jake act obnoxious, so Miley decided to let him go. In the end, he sent her a red rose with a note apologizing for his behavior. He also admitted that he still needed to grow as a person and that he would, no doubt, keep her secret.
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What is the best kind of station to tune into on a long, lonesome drive? It depends on personal tastes, of course, but there is a definite sense of satisfaction to be found in a classic country station. Many country singers draw from a long, rich narrative tradition, so one is much more likely to encounter story-songs in this genre than any other. Thus, one can expect to listen to engaging tales a mere few minutes in length, and the fact that they are told through music simply makes them easier to latch onto. There’s nothing quite like hearing a satisfying story on the radio when a person is all alone and eager to return to loved ones.
Several singers spring to mind when considering this type of music. One of the undisputed masters is Kenny Rogers, who established himself as an accomplished balladeer decades ago. Of his many richly drawn story-songs complete with vibrant characters and a riveting plot, the most enduring has been “The Gambler,” in which a man relates his encounter with a grizzled poker player on an evening train ride. Not only is this tale of a newly forged friendship between men who share a hobby entertaining, it contains some very practical advice that can be applied to everyone, not just those with an enthusiasm for card-playing.
On the other end of the age spectrum is Taylor Swift, a promising up-and-comer who has been writing her own songs since her early teens and has a singular way of getting the heart of teen loves and anxieties. She has built a reputation as a wholesome singer-songwriter who speaks for the geekier members of her generation. Her most potent anthem is “You Belong With Me,” made far more poignant by the music video that accompanies it. Here, we see an ordinary girl pining for the friend she secretly loves and wishing he would understand what a great match they would make. For anyone who has experienced a burning crush, this certainly hits home.
These are only two examples out of the dozens of country singers whose stories fill the airwaves. Others include the deep-voiced Randy Travis, gentle Alan Jackson and effusive Dolly Parton, to name just a few. The beauty of it is that one needn’t know who the singer is to appreciate a good country song. It’s easy to just sit and listen to a string of unknown songs and soak up the colorful characters and twisty plots that emerge. It feels a bit like gathering a campfire as people swap stories. It’s great when a new one comes along to catch a person by surprise, though hearing the same song multiple times means being able to sing along. Either way, this music makes a great traveling companion.